What is Gray Box Testing?
A Combination of Black Box and White Box testing methodologies, testing a piece of software against its specification but using some knowledge of its internal workings. Test case generation is the most important part of the testing efforts, the automation of specification based test case generation needs formal or semi-formal specifications. As a semi-formal modelling language, UML is widely used to describe analysis and design specifications by both academia and industry, thus UML models become the sources of test generation naturally. Test cases are usually generated from the requirement or the code while the design is seldom concerned, this paper proposes an approach to generate test cases directly from UML activity diagram using Gray-box method, where the design is reused to avoid the cost of test model creation. In this approach, test scenarios are directly derived from the activity diagram modelling an operation. Then all the information for test case generation, i.e. input/output sequence and parameters, the constraint conditions and expected object method sequence, is extracted from each test scenario. At last, the possible values of all the input/output parameters could be generated by applying category-partition method, and test suite could be systematically generated to find the inconsistency between the implementation and the design. A prototype tool named UMLTGF has been developed to support the above process.